What Is IT Leadership? [+Top Traits & Skills Needed to Succeed]

7 min read
What Is IT Leadership? [+Top Traits & Skills Needed to Succeed]

Information technology (IT) leadership At its core, is about guiding an organization, technical experts and stakeholders alike, in its technology decisions and strategies to achieve business objectives.

[At its core, IT leadership is about guiding an organization in its technology decisions and strategies to achieve business objectives.]

There is a tendency to equate leadership with management, however, It can also apply to individuals who are regularly consulted for advice and solutions for their expertise in specific technological areas. 

Leadership — as distinguished from management — is about organizing and motivating teams to meet company goals. An IT leader has detailed knowledge of technological tools, strategies and competencies. Such a leader knows how to employ and evaluate these tools and also understands their potential long-term impact on the organization. IT leadership is not strictly defined by title, budget or organizational structure. As leadership coach Eric Berglund posited, it’s about “earned influence.”

This article provides a comprehensive breakdown of the traits, skills and roles integral to IT leadership, underscoring its pivotal role in the contemporary business landscape.

The Importance and Impact of Information Technology Leadership

As technological advancements rapidly reshape the modern business landscape, there’s an intensified emphasis on the need for IT leadership. Businesses are transitioning more swiftly towards digital solutions, and with this shift, organizations are leaning on IT for growth opportunities while banking on it to ensure their core operations are efficient and resilient.

But what is the reason for this growing reliance on IT? The answer is twofold:

  1. Digital acceleration
    The era of digital transformation isn’t looming — it’s already here, and businesses from every industry must explore how to use IT to optimize operations, innovate services and refine customer experiences.
  2. Business dependence on IT
    As the world becomes more interconnected, businesses increasingly turn to information technology. IT is integral to daily operations, from automating processes to data management and analysis.

In this context, the need for strong IT leadership is clear. These leaders are not just technologists but strategists who ensure organizations can harness the opportunities of modern IT ecosystems while safeguarding them against associated risks. Two crucial aspects that characterize their role are:

  • Helping teams navigate the complexity of modern IT ecosystems
    With expanding IT infrastructures, there’s an ever-present need for guidance to traverse this intricate landscape. Here, IT leaders step in, offering solutions and ensuring seamless business operations.
  • Providing security oversight
    Data is a powerful asset, but only if it’s securely managed and properly protected. Effective IT leadership ensures that while businesses utilize technology to its fullest, they also prioritize security and risk mitigation.

The evolution of the IT landscape and its integration with business operations underscores the importance of adept IT leadership. It’s not just about technological know-how; it’s about vision, strategy and the ability to lead in an ever-evolving digital era.

The Impact of Successful IT Leadership

IT leaders are the linchpins of business success. Here’s a look at how they make a difference.

  • Foresight: IT leaders see future trends and ensure businesses are ready for them, keeping them ahead in the market.
  • Business and tech alignment: They guarantee that technology supports the company’s goals, making operations more efficient and giving businesses a competitive edge.
  • Innovation: IT leaders create an environment where teams feel inspired to bring forward new ideas, leading to cutting-edge solutions and products.
  • Risk control: They stay alert to digital threats, such as cybersecurity issues and devise strategies to keep risks in check.
  • Relationship management: IT leaders communicate with departments across the business, ensuring everyone benefits from technology solutions.
  • Team growth: IT leaders recognize the evolving nature of the tech world and invest in training to ensure their teams are always up-to-date.
  • Operational excellence: Beyond vision, IT leaders ensure technology runs smoothly and reliably, forming a base for business growth and innovation.

In short, IT leadership is essential for business success in the digital age. Their roles blend technology know-how with strategic vision, bridging the gap between today’s operations and tomorrow’s possibilities. 

Traits of a Successful IT Leader

IT leaders excel by combining their tech skills with unique qualities that promote growth and adaptability in the ever-changing digital world. Some key traits of successful IT leaders include:

  • Curiosity
    Leaders maintain a relentless pursuit of knowledge. Their eagerness to explore emerging technologies ensures they’re always one step ahead. Microsoft CEO Satya Nadella’s approach, especially his emphasis on a “learn-it-all” culture over a “know-it-all” one, highlights his dedication to continuous learning. His curiosity has been a driving force behind Microsoft’s recent innovations and shift toward cloud computing.
  • Attention to detail
    Precision distinguishes leaders from the rest. A focus on every nuance can make the difference between mediocrity and excellence.
  • Resilience
    Setbacks are part and parcel of the IT world, but true resilience is more than enduring; it requires learning and evolving. Sundar Pichai’s journey from his humble beginnings to his early days at Google, navigating product challenges and market shifts, to his current role as the CEO of Alphabet, showcases the resilience required in tech leadership. His ability to adapt and drive innovation, even amid setbacks, has been instrumental to the company’s growth.
  • Accountability
    True leaders shoulder responsibility, owning up to both triumphs and missteps. Under former IBM CEO Ginni Rometty’s leadership, IBM made significant strides in artificial intelligence with Watson and cloud computing. Her commitment to addressing technological challenges and ensuring IBM remained at the forefront of tech solutions demonstrates true leadership accountability.
  • Collaboration
    The most monumental IT achievements are often collaborative. A leader’s ability to synergize diverse teams and viewpoints toward a shared vision is critical.
  • Integrity
    In a landscape rife with potential ethical pitfalls, steadfast integrity ensures trustworthiness and organizational credibility.

Professionals who embody these traits are better equipped to navigate and excel in the diverse and complex world of IT leadership.

Skills of a Successful IT Leader

IT leaders need more than just technical knowledge. They must mix deep expertise in one area with essential soft skills and a broad understanding of other tech domains. Let’s break down these requirements.

The technical cornerstone

While it’s essential for an IT leader to have a well-rounded technical knowledge base, they don’t necessarily need to be an expert in every facet of IT.

  • Deep dive into a specialty
    Every IT leader should have profound expertise in one area, be it IT infrastructure, systems, cybersecurity or a related field. This deep knowledge serves as their foundation and guiding beacon in making informed decisions.
  • Broad understanding of complementary domains
    Besides their main expertise, an IT leader should have a decent grasp of other areas. This might mean understanding the basics of cybersecurity and data privacy regulations, having insights into project management or being familiar with IT service delivery. The aim is not to be a master of all domains but to be versatile enough to adapt when needed.

Soft skills: The unsung heroes of IT leadership

Beyond the technical, an IT leader’s soft skills are crucial in ensuring not just personal success but the overall success of their team and organization.

  • Effective communication
    The ability to bridge the gap between the technical and non-technical is invaluable. It’s all about translating complex IT jargon into digestible insights for stakeholders throughout the organization.
  • Team management
    An IT leader is only as strong as their team. Building, leading and motivating IT teams is fundamental. It ensures that the team is aligned, engaged and driving toward common goals.
  • Problem-solving
    The tech world is riddled with complexities. Having a knack for developing creative solutions to intricate IT problems can be the difference between stagnation and innovation.

Understanding IT Leadership Roles

IT leadership encompasses various roles, each with its distinct challenges, qualifications and significance. Let’s delve into these IT leadership roles to understand the nuances that define them.

  • Business analyst lead: Bridges the gap between IT and business, ensuring technical solutions cater to business requirements
  • Documentation lead: Manages technical documentation ensuring clarity, accuracy and compliance
  • Domain architect: Specializes in a specific technical domain and provides architectural solutions within that arena
  • Integration lead: Guarantees seamless integration of different technical components and systems
  • Lead developer: Takes the helm in development projects, ensuring adherence to code quality and best practices
  • IT Mentor: Offers guidance, support and expertise to budding IT professionals
  • Network lead: Orchestrates network-related facets, ensuring robustness, scalability and security
  • Product owner: Acts as an intermediary with the business and customers to define and prioritize product attributes
  • Project lead: Steers a specific project, handling timelines, resources and desired results
  • Research lead: Pioneers tech-related research, nurturing and adopting innovative solutions
  • Scrum master: Champions agile methodologies within teams, ensuring streamlined project movement and stakeholder communication
  • Staff engineer: Engineers endowed with deep technical knowledge who guide technical strategies within their teams
  • Tech evangelist: Advocates for technology both within and outside the organization via presentations, workshops and publications
  • Technical lead: Acts as a bridge between the team and stakeholders, making sure technical elements align with business needs
  • Technical specialist: Possesses deep expertise in a specialized area, offering guidance on related projects and challenges

At the helm of the IT hierarchy are managerial roles such as:

  • Chief Information Officer (CIO): Engages in strategic endeavors and ensures IT initiatives align with overarching business objectives
  • IT director: Oversees IT operations, allocating resources effectively and managing budgets
  • IT manager: Supervises IT teams, striving for timely and successful project implementations


In a recent Forbes article, experts from the Forbes Technology Council highlighted the upcoming tech challenges for 2023. Based on their insights, here are a few of the main challenges IT leaders should be prepared for.

  • Embracing uncertainty
    Tech leaders need to find a balance between cost-cutting and innovation in a fluctuating market while building trust and promoting immediate benefits through AI and next-generation talent.
  • Managing cyber supply chain risk
    The rise of cyberattacks through third parties necessitates the need for organizations to manage risk by addressing vulnerabilities and breaking down internal silos.
  • Adapting to major AI innovations
    It’s crucial to understand and adopt AI technologies, and at the same time, be prepared for potential challenges such as new regulations and the risk of introducing coding biases.
  • Integrating AI into products and processes
    There’s a need to thoughtfully integrate AI into products without falling for every emerging trend, effective leaders should ensure that a genuine need is being met.
  • Taking a hands-on role in production
    Tech leaders should ensure they continuously update and refine their own hands-on skills, even if they’re not regularly in use. This is especially important in light of the recent industry changes and layoffs.
  • Leveraging automation within current tools
    With tighter budgets, automating repetitive tasks is essential to enable teams to focus on more complex tasks.
  • Balancing ethics with new technology
    As AI technologies advance, leaders must consider ethical implications, ensuring data privacy and maintaining customer trust.

Shaping the Future of IT Leadership

The integration of technology and business objectives defines today’s IT leadership, but being a tech leader is not just about comprehending the technical side. IT leadership is also about harnessing technology and interpersonal skills to propel businesses forward.

Enter the Master of Science in  Information Technology Leadership program at the University of San Diego. Delivered entirely online, this program crafts a comprehensive learning experience for aspiring IT leaders. It melds technical depth with the soft skills leaders need, ensuring that graduates are tech-savvy and adept at guiding teams and strategies.

To become a successful IT leader, you’ll need a blend of technical expertise with interpersonal skills, and programs like USD’s MS-ITL can help pave the way for aspiring leaders.

Ready to take the next step in your IT leadership journey? Explore deeper insights with our eBook, Choosing an Online Master’s Degree.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the role of IT Leadership?

IT leadership is responsible for utilizing detailed knowledge of technological tools, strategies and competencies to organize and motivate teams to meet company goals. Effective IT leaders are able to evaluate and employ to promote positive, long-term impacts on the entire organization.

How do you become an IT leader?

To become a successful IT leader, you’ll need a blend of technical expertise with interpersonal skills, and programs like USD’s MS-ITL can help pave the way for aspiring leaders.

What makes a good IT team leader?

An IT leader is only as strong as their team. Building, leading and motivating IT teams is fundamental. It ensures that the team is aligned, engaged and driving toward common goals.

What are the key aspects of leadership in information technology?

The integration of technology and business objectives defines today’s IT leadership, but being a tech leader is not just about comprehending the technical side. IT leadership is also about harnessing technology and interpersonal skills to propel businesses forward.